Thursday, August 25, 2011
Becoming A Dog 75/01/31 Hawaii, Bhagavad-gita 16.5
Srila A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Devotee: The transcendental qualities are conducive to liberation, whereas the demoniac qualities make for bondage. Do not worry, O son of Pandu, for you are born with the divine qualities.
daivi sampad vimoksaya
ma sucah sampadam daivim
abhijato 'si pandava
This is very important verse. Daivi sampad the qualities, divine qualities. That is described abhayam sattva samsuddhir, That is elaborately stated in the fisrt verse (indistinct)
danam damas ca yajnas ca
svadhyayas tapa arjavam
ahimsa satyam akrodhas
tyagah santir apaisunam
daya bhutesv aloluptvam
mardavam hrir acapalam
tejah ksama dhrtih saucam
bhavanti sampadam daivim...
These are the daivi sampad. So last night we have discussed. That daivi sampad is described. There is nothing secret. Everything is open. So if you develop these qualities, abhayam sattva-samsuddhih, etc., then you become qualified with divine possession, Sampatti. Sampatti means what you possess, under your control. So sampatti, two kinds of sampatti, divine sampatti and demonic sampatti. Demonic sampatti also described,
dambho darpo 'bhimanas ca
krodhah parusyam eva ca
partha sampadam asurim
Now, asura, the adjective is asurim. So asurim and daivim, two sampattis are there. They are open before you. Now you take up whatever you like. It is up to you. It is not forbidden that daivi sampatti is meant for a class of men and asuri sampatti is meant for another class of men, no. Krsna is open to everyone.
Krsna is not monopolized by a certain class of men. Don't think like that, that "Krsna is Indian, Krsna is Hindu," or like that, or "ksatriya. Therefore He is meant for others." No. Because He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, He is everyone's property. He is not... Don't think in that way, just like it is stated in the English dictionary: "Krsna, one of the Hindu gods." But Krsna does not say that "I am the Hindu god." They have made in the dictionary, "Krsna, one of the Hindu gods." They have no knowledge about Krsna. Krsna says, sarva-yonisu kaunteya: [Bg. 14.4] "In all species of life." There are 8,400,000 species of life. Jalaja nava-laksani sthavara laksa-vimsati. Nine lakh species in the water, and trees and plants, there are two million species. Similarly, insects, sthavara laksa-vimsati. Jalaja nava-laksani sthavara laksa-vimsati, krmayo rudra-sankhyayah. Eleven lakhs species, 1,100,000 species of insects, serpents, snakes, like that, gradually developing from water, fish, to... As the water dries up, then they come out as grass, as vegetables. Then grow, different types of trees, plants, creepers. Then gradually develops to become insects, flies. Then develops to serpents.
In this way, this is evolution. The Darwin's theory, he does not know. He has caught up some words from this Padma Purana and tried to give his own invention. The evolution is already there. But this is the evolution. From aquatics to plants, trees, then insect, then bird, then beast, then human being, civilized and not civilized. Then demigods, then others. That is the evolutionary process. So Krsna says that sarva-yonisu kaunteya sambhavanti murtayo yah: [Bg. 14.4] "All kinds of forms that are coming out of the 8,400,000 species of life," tasam mahad yonir brahma aham bija-pradah pita, "I am the seed-giving father, and the material body is given by the material nature." Just like father gives the seed, impregnates the mother, and the mother supplies the body. The body belongs to the mother, and the spirit soul belongs to... Not be... To the supreme father. But it comes through the material father. Actually the supreme father is Krsna. Therefore He says, aham bija-pradah pita. So Krsna is for everyone. Krsna is not monopolized. This is a wrong theory, "He is a Hindu god." No. He is for everyone. Otherwise how you Americans, Europeans and others outside India, how you are accepting? Because originally Krsna is your father, everyone's father. Mamaivamso jiva, all living... Not only you, but the animals, the trees, the plants, the insects, the serpent, the aquatics, the fish -- everyone the son of Krsna. This is daivi sampat.
Therefore when you come to the daivi sampat, then you understand that we all are brothers, universal brotherhood. Not that "The American is my brother, and the American cows are not my brother. Let them go to the slaughterhouse." This is all defective understanding. The real understanding is that "God, or Krsna, is the supreme father, and we are all sons of God." This is real under... Panditah. That is real knowledge. Therefore those who are in real knowledge, sama-darsinah, panditah sama-darsinah.
brahmane gavi hastini
suni caiva sva-pake ca
Pandita, one pandita, one who is learned... Pandita means learned, and he knows that "These Americans, these Europeans, these Africans or these Indians or these cows, these dogs and the elephant, trees, the plants, the fish -- they have got different dress only, but the soul is the same. The living force within the body, that is the same particle, spiritual particle, part and parcel of the supreme spirit, Krsna." This is daivi sampat.
So when we come to this platform of knowledge, that daivi sampad vimoksaya, then you become liberated immediately. Liberation means who comes to the platform of real knowledge. That is called liberation. That is the definition given in the Srimad-Bhagavatam, what is liberation, mukti. It is said, muktir hitva anyatha rupam svarupena vyavasthitih. Hitva means giving up. Mukti means hitva, giving up, hitva anyatha rupam, something otherwise. I am spirit soul. I am thinking, "I am American." I am thinking, "I am Indian." This is anyatha rupam. That is not the real conception of life. Real conception of life is aham brahmasmi: "I am the spirit soul, part and parcel of Krsna." That is realization. That is called self-realization.
Self-realization does not mean something humbug. Self-realization means to understand his real constitutional position, what I am. Just like Sanatana Gosvami approached Srila Gaurasundara, Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He asked, ke ami: "Who I am?" Ke ami... Ke ami, kene amaya jare tapa-traya: "What is my constitutional position? Why I am suffering the three-fold miseries of this material existence?" This is the enquiry. Everyone is suffering. Somebody is in ignorance. Although he is suffering, he is thinking that he is very well. This is called maya. Maya means you are accepting something which is not. This is called maya. Ma ya: "What you are accepting, that is false." This is called maya. So we are accepting, "I am this body," "I am American," "I am Indian," "I am Christian," "I am Hindu," "I am black," "I am white," "I am thin," "I am fat." So this is maya. So when we give up this maya conception of life, that is mukti. You may remain in the same body, but if you are not under maya, bodily concept of life, that is called mukti, liberation.
So therefore it is said, daivi sampad vimoksaya. Moksa, moksa means liberation. If you develop this daivi sampat, then you become fit for becoming liberated because our... What is the position? Why we are suffering? Why we are dying? Why we are taking birth? Why we are becoming old? On account of this material body. This is knowledge. Jnana-vairagya. Jnana-vairagya-yuktaya. Jnana and vairagya, these things are required. That is daivi sampat. All the daivi sampat means, jnana-yoga. It is immediately analyzed. Abhayam sattva-samsuddhir jnana-yoga-vyavasthitih. This is possible when you are situated on the platform of knowledge. This is knowledge, that "I am spirit soul. I am falsely identifying myself with this body. The body is the source of my all suffering and entanglement." This is knowledge. Then, when we try to give up the ignorance of bodily concept of life, then we become gradually liberated.
First of all abhayam. Abhayam means we are always afraid. We are always agitated, anxiety, because I am thinking, "I am this body." But if you are completely realized that you are not this body, you are something else, spirit soul, then I am immediately free from anxieties. That is called abhayam, no more fear, no more anxiety. Because everyone is ultimately afraid of being killed. But if he understands fully that he is not this body, then killed or not killed, he is not any attached to this body. Narottama dasa Thakura says, therefore, deha smrti nahi jar, samsara bandhan kaha tar:(?) "If one becomes free from the bodily concept of life, then where is material miseries?" Material miseries does not affect him. He know that... Just like I am putting on this shirt. If it is torn, so am I affected? I am not affected. I am within this shirt. Similarly, if I am fully convinced that I am not this body, then if there is some injury or some disease or some mishap in the body, I am not concerned because I know that I am not this body. That is self-realization.
The demands of the body, eating, sleeping, sex life and defense, this is the demands of the body. But if I am situated in self-realization, then these demands will not bother me. There are many persons who are not agitated by hunger, who are not agitated, not having opportunity of sleeping. They don't sleep. Nidrahara-viharakadi-vijitau. About the Gosvamis it is said that these things, material demands of the body, sleeping, eating, sex and defense... They are the demands of the body. But how they became gosvami or svami? Because they were not affected by these demands. That is gosvami; that is svami. Svami means master. Gosvami means master of the senses. So if I am servant of the senses, how I can become gosvami, how I can become svami? That is false, hypocrisy. If you are servant of the senses, then you are go-dasa. Dasa means servant, and go means senses. And if you are master of the senses, then you are gosvami. Every word has meaning. So without being fit, we should not use this word as personal designation. That is not good.
So mukti means... That is mukti. When we are not servant of the dictation of the senses, that is called mukti. So long we remain servant and obliged to perform according to the dictation of the senses, then I am go-dasa, on the material field, go-dasa, or under the spell of the material energy, servant of the material energy. Daivi hy esa gunamayi mama maya... [Bg. 7.14]. The maya, the prakrti, is dictating. Prakrteh kriyamanani gunaih karmani sarvasah [Bg. 3.27]. Dictating means you voluntarily become subjected to the dictation of this material nature. She cannot dictate if you are strong. But if you agree that "I shall be dictated by you," then you become dictated. Just like a disease. If you infect the disease, then you must suffer. But if you remain very fit, competent, not to be infected by the germs of the disease, you are not diseased. This is the way.
And that is stated in the Bhagavad-gita, that our different types of bodies, desires, activities, are due to our being infected by the particular quality of material nature. Perfected quality. There are three qualities: sattva-guna, rajo-guna, tamo-guna. If you want to be infected by the tamo-guna quality, then you are suffering the infectious disease of tamo-guna. Tamo-guna means nidra, alasya, ignorance, and sleeping more, laziness, and alasya, alasya, laziness, nidra, means sleeping, and ignorance. Just like cats and dogs. They do not know what is the aim of life, what they are doing. This is tamo-guna. And rajo-guna means activities for sense enjoyment. So rajo-guna, just like the karmis, they are working hard day and night. What is the purpose? Sex, that's all. "Why you are working so hard, sir?" "I will enjoy sex at night. (laughter) This is my ambition." "Oh, very good ambition. This ambition the dogs also have got. So why you are working so hard?" "No, that is my ambition. That's all. I am less than dog. Dog gets opportunity of sex life in the street without any working hard, but I will have to work hard to enjoy the same thing. So I am less than dog." One should admit that, that "I am less than dog." Dog gets sex life without any... Visayah khalu sarvatah syat. Sastra says that visaya... Visaya means the sense enjoyment. The primary sense enjoyment is eating, sleeping, sex life and defense. So where there is want of these four facilities? The birds have got these facilities. The beasts, they... For sex life, the birds and beasts, they have got automatically. Two birds are born, two eggs one male, one female, from the very beginning. We are also born brother and sister. But human society does not allow sex between brother and sister. Still formality is there. But that is also going on. Human life has advanced. That is going on. In India one Punjabi, that father was anxious to get the daughter married, and the brother wrote the father, "My dear father, don't bother about my sister's marriage. We have arranged ourself, brother and sister." You see? So sex life is so strong. Although socially it is forbidden that brother and sister should not marry or should not have sex life, but that is also come. It is Kali-yuga. So that sex life facility is there automatically by nature. So why there is forbidden, "Not this sex life, not that..." Just like we forbid, no illicit sex, that without marriage, there is no sex. One may argue, "What is the difference, married sex and not-married sex? The business is the same."
No, there is some meaning. This restriction mean to bring him to the position of the daivi sampat, sattva-samsuddhih. The purpose is to bring him to the platform of daivi sampat. If he becomes like cats and dogs, then he cannot attain this daivi sampat. If there is rules and regulation, restriction following, then gradually he will come to the platform of daivi sampat. And what is the purpose of daivi sampat? Daivi sampad vimoksaya: "If you develop your daivi sampat, then you become fit for vimoksaya, for liberation." What is that liberation? Liberation means janma-mrtyu-jara-vyadhi, liberation from these four things: no more birth, no more death, no more disease, no more old age.
So people are unaware, and they are not interested what is vimoksaya, what is nibandhaya. Exactly like cats and dogs, they are after these four principles of material body. So this Krsna consciousness movement is trying little bit. Success or no success does not matter. As we are servant of Krsna, it is our duty to present the real thing. Now you accept, not accept. That is not my business. I can request you that you accept this principle and be liberated from these sufferings of material life. Janma-mrtyu-jara-vyadhi. But we have become careless. "Never mind I shall again take my birth, again die, I shall become dog." In this Hawaii sometime I was speaking in the university. So when I was speaking like that, one student said, "What is the wrong there if I become dog?" Yes, he flatly said. "I shall forget everything." So this is the university education, that one is not afraid of becoming a dog. He thinks that "This is also very good." So where is the humanity? Where is the human civilization? People are gone so down-trodden, so fallen. Therefore it is very, very difficult to raise them. Therefore Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, and the sastras say, that people in this age are so fallen. It is very difficult to raise them by properly giving education. They will not take education. They will not be able. Therefore He has recommended, harer nama harer nama harer namaiva kevalam, kalau nasty eva nasty eva nasty eva... [Adi 17.21]. So we are trying our best. So only request is, those who do not comply with our rules and regulation at least, they may chant Hare Krsna wherever they may remain. That is my request. Thank you very much. (end)
>>> Ref. VedaBase => Bhagavad-gita 16.5 -- Hawaii, January 31, 1975